Egypt

Labour Productivity

Between 2000 and 2014, Egypt experienced an upward trend in labour productivity (GDP per person employed), which increased by 23.1% from USD 24,408 to an estimated USD 34,980. In 2014, Egypt’s labour productivity was higher than Morocco’s (USD 22,024), Nigeria’s (USD 18,836), Northern Africa’s average (USD 32,440), sub-Saharan Africa’s average (USD 9,305) and the world average (USD 32,618), but lower than South Africa’s (USD 44,632).[32]

Table 5.16: Regional comparison: rate of output per worker (constant 2011 international USD*) (2000–2014)

Country 2000 2010 2014
Egypt 28,408 33,216 34,980
Morocco 14,591 19,952 22,024
Nigeria 9,650 17,722 18,836
South Africa 35,951 44,628 44,632
Northern Africa 27,646 32,681 32,440
Sub-Saharan Africa 6,601 8,699 9,305
World 23,843 29,942 32,618

Source: ILO, 2015[33]
Note: Expressing output per worker in constant 2011 $ adjusts for increases in output that are due to inflation; expressing it in international $ allows for comparison at purchasing power parity, adjusting for price differences between countries.

  • Country Profile
  • Introduction
  • Broad Economic Indicators
  • Currency and Exchange Rate
  • Competitiveness and Ease of Doing Business
  • Foreign Investment and Largest Companies
  • Foreign Aid
  • Country Strategic Framework
  • Summary of Economic Conditions
  • Implications, Challenges and Recommendations
  • Population
  • Living Standards and Poverty Levels
  • Healthcare
  • Implications, Challenges and Recommendations
  • Qualifications Profile of the Population and Workforce
  • Levels of Schooling and Basic Education
  • Technical and Vocational Education and Training
  • Tertiary Education
  • Innovation in Egypt
  • Implications, Challenges and Recommendations
  • Labour Force
  • Employment by Sector
  • Employment by Skill Level
  • Employment by Occupation
  • Labour Productivity
  • Unemployment and Job Creation
  • Expatriates, Immigrants and the Egyptian Diaspora
  • Wage and Salary Trends and Social Insurance
  • Industrial Relations Framework
  • Labour Market Efficiency
  • The Fourth Industrial Revolution
  • Implications, Challenges and Recommendations

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