Egypt

Innovation in Egypt

Egypt scores poorly on the first four innovation indicators from the Global Competitiveness Index 2016–2017 shown in the table below, worse than Morocco, South Africa and Nigeria. It ranks particularly poorly for its ‘capacity for innovation’ and ‘university-industry collaboration in R&D’. The country ranks much higher than Morocco, South Africa and Nigeria for its ‘government procurement of advanced tech products’, but worse than Morocco and South Africa for its ‘PCT patents, applications/million pop‘. However, Egypt scores well for its ‘availability of scientists and engineers’ at 46th of 138 countries, which is better than Morocco’s (67th), South Africa’s (112th) and Nigeria’s (88th) scores for this indicator.[164]

Table 4.40: Regional comparison: Innovation (2016–2017)

Innovation indicator Egypt Morocco South Africa Nigeria
Value Rank/138 Value Rank/138 Value Rank/138 Value Rank/138
Capacity for innovation 3.1 135 3.8 94 5.0 25 4.0 77
Quality of scientific research institutions 2.6 128 3.1 112 4.9 29 2.7 126
Company spending on R&D 2.4 133 3.0 95 4.2 30 3.0 96
University-industry collaboration in R&D 2.4 137 3.1 100 4.4 27 2.7 123
Government procurement of advanced tech products 3.2 72 3.0 86 2.9 99 2.9 97
Availability of scientists and engineers 4.3 46 4.0 67 3.4 112 3.8 88
PCT patents applications, applications/million pop.* 0.8 74 1.5 66 6.5 47 0.0 112

Source: World Economic Forum, 2016[165]
Note: Values are on a 1-to-7 scale unless otherwise indicated with an asterisk (*), with 7 being the most desirable outcome.

  • Country Profile
  • Introduction
  • Broad Economic Indicators
  • Currency and Exchange Rate
  • Competitiveness and Ease of Doing Business
  • Foreign Investment and Largest Companies
  • Foreign Aid
  • Country Strategic Framework
  • Summary of Economic Conditions
  • Implications, Challenges and Recommendations
  • Population
  • Living Standards and Poverty Levels
  • Healthcare
  • Implications, Challenges and Recommendations
  • Qualifications Profile of the Population and Workforce
  • Levels of Schooling and Basic Education
  • Technical and Vocational Education and Training
  • Tertiary Education
  • Innovation in Egypt
  • Implications, Challenges and Recommendations
  • Labour Force
  • Employment by Sector
  • Employment by Skill Level
  • Employment by Occupation
  • Labour Productivity
  • Unemployment and Job Creation
  • Expatriates, Immigrants and the Egyptian Diaspora
  • Wage and Salary Trends and Social Insurance
  • Industrial Relations Framework
  • Labour Market Efficiency
  • The Fourth Industrial Revolution
  • Implications, Challenges and Recommendations

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