Egypt

Employment by Skill Level

Between 2000 and 2014, the percentage of workers engaged in low-skilled jobs more than tripled from 2.6% to 8.1%, while the percentage of workers in high-skilled positions increased from 32.5% to 36.3%. Over the same period, the percentage of workers engaged in medium-skilled jobs declined from 64.9% to 55.6%.[25]

Interestingly, a higher share of males than females was engaged in low-skilled jobs in 2014 (9.1% compared to 4.5%). This was also the case for medium-skilled jobs, which were occupied by 53.2% of women compared to 56.2% of men. By contrast, a higher share of women than men held high-skilled jobs (42.4% vs 34.8%).[26]

Table 5.13: Distribution of employed by low, medium and high-skilled jobs by sex (2000–2014)

  Male Female Total
Low- skilled Med- skilled High- skilled Low- skilled Med- skilled High- skilled Low- skilled Med- skilled High- skilled
2000 2.9% 66.4% 30.7% 1.1% 58.1% 40.8% 2.6% 64.9% 32.5%
2010 8.4% 68.5% 23.1% 3.7% 55.7% 40.5% 7.4% 65.8% 26.7%
2014* 9.1% 56.2% 34.8% 4.5% 53.2% 42.4% 8.1% 55.6% 36.3%

Source: ILO, 2015[27]
Notes: *Preliminary estimates.
Low-skilled jobs: non-routine manual labour (eg janitors, security personnel)
Medium-skilled jobs: routine labour (eg bookkeepers, clerical workers)
High-skilled: non-routine cognitive skills (eg lawyers, doctors)

  • Country Profile
  • Introduction
  • Broad Economic Indicators
  • Currency and Exchange Rate
  • Competitiveness and Ease of Doing Business
  • Foreign Investment and Largest Companies
  • Foreign Aid
  • Country Strategic Framework
  • Summary of Economic Conditions
  • Implications, Challenges and Recommendations
  • Population
  • Living Standards and Poverty Levels
  • Healthcare
  • Implications, Challenges and Recommendations
  • Qualifications Profile of the Population and Workforce
  • Levels of Schooling and Basic Education
  • Technical and Vocational Education and Training
  • Tertiary Education
  • Innovation in Egypt
  • Implications, Challenges and Recommendations
  • Labour Force
  • Employment by Sector
  • Employment by Skill Level
  • Employment by Occupation
  • Labour Productivity
  • Unemployment and Job Creation
  • Expatriates, Immigrants and the Egyptian Diaspora
  • Wage and Salary Trends and Social Insurance
  • Industrial Relations Framework
  • Labour Market Efficiency
  • The Fourth Industrial Revolution
  • Implications, Challenges and Recommendations

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