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The Human Capital and Labour Research Portal delivers the latest human capital and labour trends and developments in African countries. In addition it provides the user with a better understanding and knowledge of the context of human capital and labour in terms of:
- Employment levels and trends
- Training and skills development
- Skills shortages
- Unemployment and job creation
- Expatriates, immigrants and diaspora
- Wage and salary trends
- Industrial relations
- Inter-cultural challenges
- Economic indicators
- Standards of living
- Labour market efficiency
- Human resources profession and more.
Country ReportsHover over the map to discover available reports. Click on the counrty that you are interested in.
Human Capital and Labour Research now available on a digital platform!
Over the past two years a team of researchers at KR have produced a set of 17 country reports containing the most up-to-date and data-rich content available on the state of human capital in African countries.
The Human Capital and Labour Research Portal has evolved from the above mentioned Human Capital and Labour Reports. The online portal offers the same in-depth knowledge on human capital and labour trends and developments but is now offered on a digital platform, with regular updates. The Human Capital and Labour Research Portal is not just a databank of data. It offers in-depth analyses of the labour forces in individual countries. The data has been analysed, is up-to-date, verified and interpreted. Each section includes implications, challenges and recommendations for HR professionals, talent and training managers, policy makers, researchers, investors, etc. Learn more
Kenya - According to the latest figures, 2.9% of Kenyan men aged 15-49 had no formal schooling in 2014, compared to 7% of Kenyan women who have never gone to school. Only 32.8% of men and 26.9% of women had completed secondary school or attained post-secondary school training. Read More
South Africa - The country lost 113,000 jobs from the first quarter of 2017 to the second quarter, according to Stats SA. The largest job losses were in the construction and agriculture sectors. Read More
Egypt - In the 4th quarter of 2017, 24% of state owned company Engineering for the Petroleum and Process Industries (ENPPI) is set to go on sale as part of the Egyptian government’s efforts to privatise a number of state owned enterprises. Read More
South Africa - The country's Labour Appeal Court ruled in July 2017 that temporary employees contracted to a client by a labour broker would automatically gain legal status as permanent employees of the client company after three months. Read More
Zambia - Zambia’s opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema appeared in court on a treason charge after being arrested for allegedly failing to move out of the way of the presidential motorcade in April. The country’s president has suggested he may initiate a state of emergency. Read More
Lesotho-Swaziland - Lesotho is expected to hold elections again soon after the country’s prime minister was ousted by a vote of no confidence and King Letsie III dissolved the country’s parliament in early March. Read More
Mauritius - Mauritius is the easiest country to conduct business in in sub-Saharan Africa according to the Doing Business 2017 rankings. However, compared to 2016, its ranking has declined in all indicators except registering property and trading across borders, where its rankings remained unchanged. Read More
Tanzania - Tanzania’s ranking of 88 out of 138 countries on innovation on the Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017 is an improvement from a ranking of 105 out of 140 countries in 2015-2016. This is indicative of a greater emphasis on research and development in the government and private sector. Read More
Botswana - Botswana had the third-highest (22.2%) HIV/Aids rate in the world in 2015, which was higher than the South African rate of 19.2%, Namibian rate of 13.3%, and Zimbabwean rate of 14.7%. Read More
Angola - The literacy rate of Angola’s adult population increased from 67.4% in 2001 to an estimated 71.2% in 2015; the literacy rate for females increased from 54.2% to 60.4%, while the rate for males declined from 82.9% to 82%. Read More
DRC - The adult literacy rate in the Democratic Republic of Congo increased substantially between 2007 and 2015, from 61.2% to 77.2%. Over the same period, the youth literacy rate rose from 65.8% to 86.1%. Read More
Kenya - Kenya’s high ranking (4th out of 45 countries) for entrepreneurship on the 2016 Social Innovation Index indicates that the country offers entrepreneurs a very favourable environment in which to set up businesses. Read More
Ethiopia - According to the latest estimates, 11,607 anti-government protesters have been arrested and several more have been killed since a state of emergency was declared in Ethiopia in October 2016. This government crackdown will likely reverse previous gains made in Ethiopia in governance and human rights. Read More
Mozambique - Mozambique’s population has grown substantially between 1990 and 2015, increasing by 109% to 28 million. The country’s population growth was significantly higher than that of South Africa (56%) and Nigeria (90.6%) over the same period. Read More
Mozambique - Consumer price inflation is projected to reach 16.7% in Mozambique in 2016, a massive increase from 2.4% in 2015. Mozambique is one of the countries hardest hit by the recent El-Nino related drought that has devastated crops in southern Africa. As a result, the country's food prices have shot up, and are a major cause for the huge increase in inflation. Read More
Malawi - Malawi's GDP per capita, already one of the lowest in the world, is expected to decline to $294 in 2016, down from $344 in 2014. This is less than one tenth the size of the average sub-Saharan African GDP per capita of $3,831 in 2016. Read More
South Africa - Between 2008 and 2016, manufacturing's share in total employment declined from 14% to 11%. Over the same period, employment in finance as a share of total employment increased from 12% to 14%. Read More
Angola - Following the decline in the international oil price, Angola's GDP growth rate slowed to 3% in 2015, down from 4.8% in 2014. The latest IMF projection suggests the country's growth rate will drop further to 0% in 2016. Read More
South Africa - Technological advances of the fourth industrial revolution are disrupting labour markets globally and changing the nature of work. A new section added to all Human Capital and Labour Reports analyses the impact of these changes on African countries, many of which will experience massive influxes into their labour markets over the next decades owing to their large youth populations. Read More
Ghana - Ghana’s inflation rate rose to 17.2% in 2015 from 15.5% in 2014. This rate is high compared to many other African economies. The almost one third of Ghanaians who live on an income of less than $1.25 per day were particularly hard-hit by consumer price increases. Read More
Kenya - Since the beginning of 2016, over 100 Kenyan secondary schools have been burnt down, resulting in over 6,000 pupils being sent home. This will have a significant negative effect on secondary schooling both in the short and medium-term. Read More
South Africa - Last month, Higher Education Minister Blade Nzimande announced plans to implement a dual system – combining classroom education and workplace learning – in SETA training centres within the next two years. This system will replicate some of the partnerships with business already taking place, in which companies are partnering with colleges and training centres to help provide youngsters with on-the-job skills. Read More
South Africa - Between the last quarter of 2015 and the first quarter of 2016, 521,000 South Africans joined the ranks of the unemployed. Of the 5.7 million South Africans who were unemployed in the first quarter of 2016, 65% are in long-term unemployment, and have been unemployed for over a year. Read More
Tanzania - At the end of 2014 it was recorded that there were 29 registered trade unions in Tanzania, mainland and 9 registered trade unions in Tanzania, Zanzibar. For more information read here Read More
Ghana - The most recent labour market information available on employment per industry sector indicates that 46.1% of the total working adult population is employed in the Agri-business sector. This sector is the biggest industry in Ghana. For more information read here. Read More
Ghana - On average, 72.1% of the 15–64 year age group is economically active, with slightly more men than women participating at any point in time. Of the employed economically active population, 47% are self-employed with no employees. For more information read here. Read More
Mozambique - As of February 2016 Mozambique's currency has fallen, becoming the third-worst performing in the world. In order to boost short-term growth the country needs to focus on the potential of liquefied natural gas projects, which have the ability to generate a total of USD 500 billion and increase the country's GDP growth to 24% between 2021 and 2025. Read More
Ghana - Ghana has made significant improvements on its ranking on both the Ibrahim Index of African Governance and the Corruptions Perception Index. For the latest country profile updates read more here. Read More
Nigeria - Nigeria's ranking on the Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) has improved from 42.6% in 2000 to 44.9% in 2015. Despite this the country's ranking on the Corruption Perception Index has deteriorated, slipping two places from 134 to 136 over the period from 2010 to 2015. Read More
Nigeria - As of late 2015 Nigeria has been engaged in a minimum wage debate with proponents calling for a review of the 2011 minimum wage of N 18,000. To find out more on the latest wage and salary trends, read more here. Read More
Uganda - Uganda's ranking in terms of capacity for innovation has improved significantly, increasing from 102nd in 2013 to 86th in 2015/2016. Innovation in Uganda has been updated according to the latest Global Competitiveness Report (2015-2016). Read More
Uganda - In 2013 the majority (71.9%) of Uganda's labour force was engaged in the agriculture, forestry and fishing industry. For more on the latest information regarding employment by industry read here. Read More
Uganda - Uganda's unemployment rate has remained below 5% since 1990. Unemployment is most prevalent in rural areas, and in the Central region of the country. For more of the most up to date information on employment and unemployment trends in Uganda click here. Read More
Uganda - Uganda's economically active population (EAP) has increased by 36% over a nine year period from 11 million to over 15 million in 2014. For more of the latest updates with regards to Uganda's EAP read more here. Read More
Uganda - Uganda has made significant improvements on the Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) for all indicators, especially "Human Development" and "Participation and and human rights". Despite these improvements, the country's ranking on the Corruptions Perception Index has dropped from 127th in 2010 to 139th in 2015. For the more of the latest information on Uganda's Country Profile click here. Read More
Tanzania - Tanzania's overall score on the Ibrahim Index of African Governance has improved by 2%, the country's ranking has however fallen from 16th in 2012 to 18th in 2015. For more Country Profile updates on Tanzania, including an updated Corruption Perceptions Index ranking, read more here. Read More
Tanzania - Entrepreneurship has become a critical feature in Tanzania's job creation strategy and promises to be a key driver in boosting the country's economy. For more updated information of job creation strategies and programmes in Tanzania, read more here. Read More
Tanzania - Tanzania has a high labour force participation rate of 78.2%. The majority of the population (91.2%) are employed in the informal sector of Tanzania's economy. Click here for more updates on employment and unemployment trends in Tanzania. Read More
Kenya - Kenya's country profile has been updated. According to the Ibrahim Index of African Governance, Kenya's overall ranking has improved by 13%. In addition Kenya's ranking on the Corruptions Perception Index has improved from 154th in 2010 to 139th in 2015. Read More
Zambia - Absorption and participation rates in the Zambian economy have been updated with the latest data. The most recent data show there was almost an 80% participation rate overall in 2014. Read More
Zambia - The economic activity status of the Zambian population has been updated. The latest data shows that a substantial proportion of the population (70%) is economically active and employed. Read More
Kenya - According to the latest statistics only 2.37 million people (13.5%) were employed in the formal sector of the Kenya's economy in 2014. Click here for the latest statistics of employment by industry sector in Kenya. Read More
Kenya - Kenya's economically active population (EAP) has grown by 33.5% since 2005, resulting in a total labour force of 17.5 million people. For more updates on Kenya's EAP follow this link. Read MoreAll Updates
The Human Capital and Labour Research Portal offered by KR is the only high level work of its kind in the world – from Africa for Africa and the rest of the world. The portal offers the most comprehensive and integrated research on human capital in African countries and therefore constitutes the definitive piece of work on African labour markets. The integrated focus on the demographics of the labour force, education and skills levels in countries depicted in colourful graphs makes it a user-friendly source and “must read” for all business leaders contemplating to do business in African markets. No business leader should pursue these markets without utilising the portal in order to gain a proper understanding of strategic challenges, risks and opportunities, and then to prepare strategies for addressing these issues.
Throughout the research with key statistics and qualitative analysis of the implications and challenges of human capital gaps, recommendations are offered to inform decision-makers of factors impacting their human capital decisions. Thus, the research goes beyond the current rhetoric about lucrative business opportunities, vast potential and unlimited economic growth in African countries to provide a balanced perspective and reality check about top priorities for building human capital in Africa. In essence, the central theme in all the country profiles is that human capital development will be imperative for business success and sustainability in African markets. Current short-term approaches to exploiting labour and keeping human capital costs down in low educated markets cannot be perpetuated and will not be sustainable. Likewise, African governments and business leaders need to step up and prioritise good governance, leadership and human capital development as their top three priorities in making labour markets, and ultimately their countries function optimally.
Effective labour markets and good country governance are inextricably linked and offer the only sustainable solutions to Africa’s problems and challenges. In essence, the Human Capital and Labour Research Portal provides a one-stop solution to analysing labour market and human capital business risks in selected African markets. Ignoring the challenges outlined, and its recommendations will not only put your business at risk, it may limit future business and economic growth in these countries. Fortunately, though, addressing the challenges from a strategic human capital development perspective, may offer a sound approach to strategically position your business in achieving sustainable success in African markets.
SA Board for People Practices (SABPP)
Some of the organisations who have already accessed these reports, include: Massmart, PwC, Group Five, Imperial, AngloGold Ashanti, UJ, UTI, Old Mutual, Transnet, Monash, KFC, Media24, Mr Price and many more.