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The Human Capital and Labour Research Portal delivers the latest human capital and labour trends and developments in African countries. In addition it provides the user with a better understanding and knowledge of the context of human capital and labour in terms of:

Interactive Africa Map - Reports
  • Employment levels and trends
  • Training and skills development
  • Skills shortages
  • Unemployment and job creation
  • Expatriates, immigrants and diaspora
  • Wage and salary trends
  • Industrial relations
  • Inter-cultural challenges
  • Economic indicators
  • Standards of living
  • Healthcare
  • Education
  • Labour market efficiency
  • Human resources profession and more.

Country Reports

Hover over the map to discover available reports. Click on the counrty that you are interested in.

Human Capital and Labour Research now available on a digital platform!

Over the past two years a team of researchers at KR have produced a set of 17 country reports containing the most up-to-date and data-rich content available on the state of human capital in African countries.

The Human Capital and Labour Research Portal has evolved from the above mentioned Human Capital and Labour Reports. The online portal offers the same in-depth knowledge on human capital and labour trends and developments but is now offered on a digital platform, with regular updates. The Human Capital and Labour Research Portal is not just a databank of data. It offers in-depth analyses of the labour forces in individual countries. The data has been analysed, is up-to-date, verified and interpreted. Each section includes implications, challenges and recommendations for HR professionals, talent and training managers, policy makers, researchers, investors, etc. Learn more

Recently Updated

5 December 2017

South Africa - South Africa's ranking on the Global Competitiveness Index 2017-2018 dropped by 14 places since last year, to 61st. The country's ranking dropped significantly on several institutional indicators, including 'irregular payments and bribes' and 'transparency of government policymaking'.  Read More

19 October 2017

Nigeria - Nigeria is experiencing rapid urbanisation, with Lagos being Africa's fastest-growing city. The country has a massive housing backlog in the region of 17 million units. Read More

Kenya - According to the latest figures, 2.9% of Kenyan men aged 15-49 had no formal schooling in 2014, compared to 7% of Kenyan women who have never gone to school. Only 32.8% of men and 26.9% of women had completed secondary school or attained post-secondary school training. Read More

2 October 2017

South Africa - The country lost 113,000 jobs from the first quarter of 2017 to the second quarter, according to Stats SA. The largest job losses were in the construction and agriculture sectors. Read More

23 August 2017

Namibia - The new, updated and improved Namibia report is now available via the online platform and for download. Read More

26 July 2017

Mozambique - The new, updated Human Capital and Labour Report Mozambique is now available to subscribers. Read More

25 July 2017

Egypt - In the 4th quarter of 2017, 24% of state owned company Engineering for the Petroleum and Process Industries (ENPPI) is set to go on sale as part of the Egyptian government’s efforts to privatise a number of state owned enterprises.  Read More

24 July 2017

Botswana - In 2016, Botswana ranked first out of 144 countries on the Global Gender Gap Report for educational attainment. Read More

21 July 2017

South Africa - The country's Labour Appeal Court ruled in July 2017 that temporary employees contracted to a client by a labour broker would automatically gain legal status as permanent employees of the client company after three months.  Read More

10 July 2017

Botswana - New release – the revised 2017 Botswana Human Capital and Labour Report is now available on the portal and as a PDF download.  Read More

19 June 2017

South Africa - South Africa's youth unemployment rate stands at a shocking 54.3% in quarter 1 of 2017 - a substantial increase from 47.8% in quarter 1 of 2009. Read More

7 June 2017

Egypt - The new Egypt Human Capital and Labour report is now available online and for download (PDF). Read More

6 June 2017

South Africa - The unemployment rate for the working-age population (15–64 years) stood at 27.7% in Q1 2017 - an increase from 26.5% in Q1 2016. Read More

Botswana - Botswana is the third-best ranked sub-Saharan African country on the World Bank’s Doing Business Index 2017, ranking 71st out of 190 countries.  Read More

9 May 2017

Zambia - Zambia’s opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema appeared in court on a treason charge after being arrested for allegedly failing to move out of the way of the presidential motorcade in April. The country’s president has suggested he may initiate a state of emergency. Read More

26 April 2017

Namibia - Namibia's score on the Corruption Perception Index dropped by one point from 53 in 2015 to 52 out of 100 in 2016. Read More

10 April 2017

Angola - In early April, teachers in Angola embarked on a three-day national strike due to low wages and the poor conditions of public schools.  Read More

14 March 2017

Kenya - In Kenya, an ongoing strike by public sector doctors which began in December 2016 is crippling the healthcare system.  Read More

10 March 2017

Lesotho-Swaziland - Lesotho is expected to hold elections again soon after the country’s prime minister was ousted by a vote of no confidence and King Letsie III dissolved the country’s parliament in early March.  Read More

8 March 2017

Mauritius - Mauritius is the easiest country to conduct business in in sub-Saharan Africa according to the Doing Business 2017 rankings. However, compared to 2016, its ranking has declined in all indicators except registering property and trading across borders, where its rankings remained unchanged.  Read More

3 March 2017

Nigeria - The latest IMF estimates suggest Nigeria’s economy contracted by 1.7% in 2016, compared to South Africa’s, which narrowly missed a recession with growth of 0.1% in the same year Read More

14 February 2017

Tanzania - Tanzania’s ranking of 88 out of 138 countries on innovation on the Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017 is an improvement from a ranking of 105 out of 140 countries in 2015-2016. This is indicative of a greater emphasis on research and development in the government and private sector. Read More

24 January 2017

Rwanda - Rwanda’s 2015 score of 62.3 points out of 100 in overall governance on the Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) is a 16.1 point improvement from its score of 46.2 in 2000. Read More

20 January 2017

Zimbabwe - The majority of the labour force (51%) has some secondary education in 2014, but only 2% has obtained a tertiary qualification. Read More

19 January 2017

Botswana - Botswana had the third-highest (22.2%) HIV/Aids rate in the world in 2015, which was higher than the South African rate of 19.2%, Namibian rate of 13.3%, and Zimbabwean rate of 14.7%.  Read More

Angola - The literacy rate of Angola’s adult population increased from 67.4% in 2001 to an estimated 71.2% in 2015; the literacy rate for females increased from 54.2% to 60.4%, while the rate for males declined from 82.9% to 82%.  Read More

18 January 2017

Mozambique - Mozambique’s score on the Corruption Perceptions Index improved from 27 out of 100 in 2010 to 31 out of 100 in 2015.  Read More

13 January 2017

DRC - The adult literacy rate in the Democratic Republic of Congo increased substantially between 2007 and 2015, from 61.2% to 77.2%. Over the same period, the youth literacy rate rose from 65.8% to 86.1%. Read More

12 January 2017

Malawi - In 2016, 137,000 of Malawi’s children dropped out of primary school due to hunger resulting from food shortages caused by the severe drought that has affected the region.  Read More

30 November 2016

Kenya - Kenya’s high ranking (4th out of 45 countries) for entrepreneurship on the 2016 Social Innovation Index indicates that the country offers entrepreneurs a very favourable environment in which to set up businesses.  Read More

21 November 2016

Ethiopia - According to the latest estimates, 11,607 anti-government protesters have been arrested and several more have been killed since a state of emergency was declared in Ethiopia in October 2016. This government crackdown will likely reverse previous gains made in Ethiopia in governance and human rights.  Read More

18 November 2016

Mozambique - Mozambique’s population has grown substantially between 1990 and 2015, increasing by 109% to 28 million. The country’s population growth was significantly higher than that of South Africa (56%) and Nigeria (90.6%) over the same period. Read More

24 October 2016

South Africa - Of all pupils enrolled for Grade 10 in 2012, only 36.6% passed Matric in 2014. Only 13.7% qualified with university exemption and only 10.9% passed maths.  Read More

14 October 2016

Mozambique - Consumer price inflation is projected to reach 16.7% in Mozambique in 2016, a massive increase from 2.4% in 2015. Mozambique is one of the countries hardest hit by the recent El-Nino related drought that has devastated crops in southern Africa. As a result, the country's food prices have shot up, and are a major cause for the huge increase in inflation. Read More

13 October 2016

Malawi - Malawi's GDP per capita, already one of the lowest in the world, is expected to decline to $294 in 2016, down from $344 in 2014. This is less than one tenth the size of the average sub-Saharan African GDP per capita of $3,831 in 2016.  Read More

7 October 2016

South Africa - Between 2008 and 2016, manufacturing's share in total employment declined from 14% to 11%. Over the same period, employment in finance as a share of total employment increased from 12% to 14%.  Read More

6 October 2016

Angola - Following the decline in the international oil price, Angola's GDP growth rate slowed to 3% in 2015, down from 4.8% in 2014. The latest IMF projection suggests the country's growth rate will drop further to 0% in 2016.  Read More

26 September 2016

Uganda - The new updated Uganda 2016 Human Capital and Labour Report is now available (on the portal and for download).  Read More

21 September 2016

South Africa - Technological advances of the fourth industrial revolution are disrupting labour markets globally and changing the nature of work. A new section added to all Human Capital and Labour Reports analyses the impact of these changes on African countries, many of which will experience massive influxes into their labour markets over the next decades owing to their large youth populations.  Read More

14 September 2016

Botswana - The adult literacy rate in Botswana increased significantly between 2003 and 2014, climbing from 81.2% to 88.6%. Read More

13 September 2016

Angola - In 2015, 47.7% of Angolans were under the age of 15. Read More

2 September 2016

Ghana - New release – the revised 2016 Ghana Human Capital and Labour Report is now available on the portal and as a PDF download. Read More

26 August 2016

Kenya - New release – the updated Kenya 2016 Human Capital and Labour Report (on the Portal and as a PDF download) is now available. Read More

25 August 2016

South Africa - A proposed sugar tax on sugary drinks to address health issues around obesity and diabetes could result in the loss of 70,000 jobs and a decline in GDP of R14 billion.  Read More

19 August 2016

Ghana - Ghana’s inflation rate rose to 17.2% in 2015 from 15.5% in 2014. This rate is high compared to many other African economies. The almost one third of Ghanaians who live on an income of less than $1.25 per day were particularly hard-hit by consumer price increases.    Read More

1 August 2016

Kenya - Since the beginning of 2016, over 100 Kenyan secondary schools have been burnt down, resulting in over 6,000 pupils being sent home. This will have a significant negative effect on secondary schooling both in the short and medium-term.  Read More

29 July 2016

Nigeria - New - the revised 2016 Nigeria Human Capital and Labour Report (with PDF download and slideshow) are now available. Read More

25 July 2016

South Africa - In 2009, Black Africans made up 77.9% of the country’s working-age population, by 2016, this has risen slightly to 79.7%. Read More

22 July 2016

Zambia -   The most up-to-date information on Zambia as well as the Zambia 2016 PDF download and complete slideshow are now available on the Human Capital Research Portal.   Read More

14 July 2016

Tanzania - Complete updated 2016 Tanzania report, PDF download and slideshow are now available.  Read More

8 July 2016

South Africa - Last month, Higher Education Minister Blade Nzimande announced plans to implement a dual system – combining classroom education and workplace learning – in SETA training centres within the next two years. This system will replicate some of the partnerships with business already taking place, in which companies are partnering with colleges and training centres to help provide youngsters with on-the-job skills. Read More

South Africa - Between the last quarter of 2015 and the first quarter of 2016, 521,000 South Africans joined the ranks of the unemployed. Of the 5.7 million South Africans who were unemployed in the first quarter of 2016, 65% are in long-term unemployment, and have been unemployed for over a year.  Read More

7 July 2016

Zimbabwe - In Harare, on Tuesday 5 July 2016, teachers, doctors and nurses began a strike over unpaid June salaries, affecting thousands of pupils and patients. Read More

1 July 2016

Zambia - In 2002, just over half of learners that completed primary education progressed to lower secondary education, this increased to 64.5% in 2015 Read More

Tanzania - Tanzania's population has grown substantially from 25.4 million in 1990 to 53.5 million in 2015.  Read More

10 May 2016

Nigeria - In Nigeria, 223,683 jobs were created in the formal sector between the first and third quarters of 2015. Read More

Tanzania - At the end of 2014 it was recorded that there were 29 registered trade unions in Tanzania, mainland and 9 registered trade unions in Tanzania, Zanzibar. For more information read here   Read More

8 April 2016

Nigeria - Literacy rates in Nigeria have been updated with latest statistics. Read More

Ghana - The most recent labour market information available on employment per industry sector indicates that 46.1% of the total working adult population is employed in the Agri-business sector.  This sector is the biggest industry in Ghana.  For more information read here.   Read More

Ghana - There was been a 159% increase in secondary education teachers in Ghana between 2000 and 2014 Read More

6 April 2016

Uganda - In Uganda, primary education enrolment increased by 254% since 1990. Read More

5 April 2016

Ghana - On average, 72.1% of the 15–64 year age group is economically active, with slightly more men than women participating at any point in time.  Of the employed economically active population, 47% are self-employed with no employees.  For more information read here.    Read More

Tanzania - The number of pupils enrolled for primary education in Tanzania increased by  144% between 1990 and 2013. Read More

31 March 2016

Ghana - Ghana’s Economically Active Population increased by 25.4% over eight years since 2006.  For more information read here.  Read More

Mozambique - As of February 2016 Mozambique's currency has fallen, becoming the third-worst performing in the world. In order to boost short-term growth the country needs to focus on the potential of liquefied natural gas projects, which have the ability to generate a total of USD 500 billion and increase the country's GDP growth to 24% between 2021 and 2025. Read More

30 March 2016

Ghana - Ghana has made significant improvements on its ranking on both the Ibrahim Index of African Governance and the Corruptions Perception Index. For the latest country profile updates read more here.  Read More

Nigeria - Nigeria's ranking on the Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) has improved from 42.6% in 2000 to 44.9% in 2015. Despite this the country's ranking on the Corruption Perception Index has deteriorated, slipping two places from 134 to 136 over the period from 2010 to 2015.  Read More

Nigeria - As of late 2015 Nigeria has been engaged in a minimum wage debate with proponents calling for a review of the 2011 minimum wage of N 18,000. To find out more on the latest wage and salary trends, read more here.  Read More

Nigeria - Unemployment in Nigeria was recorded at 10.4% in Nigeria in 2014. For more of the latest updates in terms of unemployment and job creation click here.  Read More

Nigeria - Nigeria's economically active population has been updated with the latest data and figures. Nigeria's labour force constituted 72.3% of its economically active population in 2015.  Read More

29 March 2016

Uganda - Uganda's ranking in terms of capacity for innovation has improved significantly, increasing from 102nd in 2013 to 86th in 2015/2016. Innovation in Uganda has been updated according to the latest Global Competitiveness Report (2015-2016).  Read More

Uganda - Wage and salary trends for Uganda have been updated with the latest information.  Read More

Zambia - The general trend in the number of pupils enrolled for primary education over the period 2004 to 2013 is an upward one, with more pupils enrolled each year.  Read More

Uganda - In 2013 the majority (71.9%) of Uganda's labour force was engaged in the agriculture, forestry and fishing industry. For more on the latest information regarding employment by industry read here.  Read More

25 March 2016

Uganda - Uganda's unemployment rate has remained below 5% since 1990. Unemployment is most prevalent in rural areas, and in the Central region of the country. For more of the most up to date information on employment and unemployment trends in Uganda click here.  Read More

24 March 2016

Uganda - Uganda's economically active population (EAP) has increased by 36% over a nine year period from 11 million to over 15 million in 2014. For more of the latest updates with regards to Uganda's EAP read more here.  Read More

23 March 2016

Uganda - Uganda has made significant improvements on the Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) for all indicators, especially "Human Development" and "Participation and and human rights". Despite these improvements, the country's ranking on the Corruptions Perception Index has dropped from 127th in 2010 to 139th in 2015. For the more of the latest information on Uganda's Country Profile click here.   Read More

Tanzania - Tanzania's overall score on the Ibrahim Index of African Governance has improved by 2%, the country's ranking has however fallen from 16th in 2012 to 18th in 2015. For more Country Profile updates on Tanzania, including an updated Corruption Perceptions Index ranking, read more here. Read More

Tanzania - Wage and salary trends in Tanzania have been updated in terms of sector; type of employee; and industry. Read More

22 March 2016

Tanzania - Entrepreneurship has become a critical feature in Tanzania's job creation strategy and promises to be a key driver in boosting the country's economy. For more updated information of job creation strategies and programmes in Tanzania, read more here.  Read More

18 March 2016

Tanzania - Tanzania has an economically active population of 23.75 million. For more of the latest data on Tanzania's economically active population read more here.  Read More

Tanzania - The breakdown of employment by industry sector in Tanzania has been updated with the latest data and figures.  Read More

Kenya - Education section for Kenya has been updated with recent statistics.  Read More

17 March 2016

Tanzania - Tanzania has a high labour force participation rate of 78.2%. The majority of the population (91.2%) are employed in the informal sector of Tanzania's economy. Click here for more updates on employment and unemployment trends in Tanzania.   Read More

16 March 2016

Uganda - Socio-demographic section of Uganda has been updated. Read More

Nigeria - Socio-demographic section of Nigeria has been updated with latest statistics. Read More

15 March 2016

Kenya - Kenya's country profile has been updated. According to the Ibrahim Index of African Governance, Kenya's overall ranking has improved by 13%. In addition Kenya's ranking on the Corruptions Perception Index has improved from 154th in 2010 to 139th in 2015.  Read More

Tanzania - Socio-demographic sections of Tanzania have been updated with latest information.  Read More

Zambia - The Socio-demographic section of Zambia has been updated with recent statistics Read More

11 March 2016

Zambia - Wage and salary trends in Zambia have been updated with the latest information.  Read More

Ghana - Socio-demographic section of Ghana has been updated with latest information.   Read More

8 March 2016

Zambia - Absorption and participation rates in the Zambian economy have been updated with the latest data. The most recent data show there was almost an 80% participation rate overall in 2014.  Read More

Zambia - The economic activity status of the Zambian population has been updated. The latest data shows that a substantial proportion of the population (70%) is economically active and employed.   Read More

3 March 2016

Kenya - Wage and salary trends in Kenya have been updated with the latest information.  Read More

Kenya - According to the latest statistics only 2.37 million people (13.5%) were employed in the formal sector of the Kenya's economy in 2014. Click here for the latest statistics of employment by industry sector in Kenya.    Read More

Kenya - Kenya's labour market absorption and participation rates have been updated with the latest statistics.  Read More

Kenya - Kenya's economically active population (EAP) has grown by 33.5% since 2005, resulting in a total labour force of 17.5 million people. For more updates on Kenya's EAP follow this link.  Read More

All Updates


The KR team have produced what I believe will be an indispensable reference source on Human Capital and Labour in African countries.

The research is thorough but concise, with benchmarking where necessary and each section concludes with a very useful section on implications, challenges and recommendations.

I recommend the research to Human Resource and Organisation Strategists wishing to enter or compete in these African countries. The research is excellent as well as being exceptionally well priced for the value being offered.

Dave van Eeden
Editor of The Role of the Chief Human Resources Officer
Executive: Organisation Improvement


Some of the organisations who have already accessed these reports, include: Massmart, PwC, Group Five, Imperial, AngloGold Ashanti, UJ, UTI, Old Mutual, Transnet, Monash, KFC, Media24, Mr Price and many more.

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